So far really not impressed with Apple’s APN service, especially it’s sandbox/development tier.
To get started, I recommend reading the Founder/CTO of Server Density’s recipe/guide to getting started with APN, here ( http://blog.serverdensity.com/2009/07/10/how-to-build-an-apple-push-notification-provider-server-tutorial/ )
Because of how many times I had to clean slate my dev. environment, I tried to streamline the process of converting the APN certificate and my private key. In the process of converting the private key to pem format, you do have to provide a pass phrase.
echo "Convert certificate" openssl pkcs12 -clcerts -nokeys -out apns-dev-cert.pem -in apns-dev-cert.p12 echo "Converting key" echo "You must provide a PEM phrase, it will be stripped out in next step" openssl pkcs12 -nocerts -out apns-dev-key.pem -in apns-dev-key.p12 echo "Stripping off PEM phrase" openssl rsa -in apns-dev-key.pem -out apns-dev-key-noenc.pem echo "Concatenating keys" cat apns-dev-cert.pem apns-dev-key-noenc.pem > apns-dev.pem
One SERIOUS word of warning about APN is a scenario where you *known* beyond a shadow of a doubt that your APN requests are properly formed and the TLS connection works as expected but nothing happens. To repeat, everything looks like it works but you don’t get any APN’s to your device. My advice is to delete your APN certificate from your keychain and re-download the APN certificate, convert it again, and try again.
To verify your key is correct, the command line openssl utility is somewhat invaluable
openssl s_client -connect gateway.sandbox.push.apple.com:2195 -cert apns-dev-cert.pem -key apns-dev-key-noenc.pem
There should be no errors and the console should hang immediately after the — line until you type in some garbage.
As I said earlier, I am really not impressed with APN for one specific reason. I lost about 4-5 hours of my life yesterday trying various different APN libraries for PHP, Ruby, Python, and objective-c. My payload to APN was correct, my token ID was triple verified, and I was sure I was sending the data down the wire. Meanwhile I got no error messages or warnings that my certificate was out of date/order and because of that my APN requests were being ignored.
The worst technology on the planet isn’t that what gives ambigious/cryptic error messages but that which just silently fails with no means to diagnose the problem. Hell it’s worse that the infamous “There was an error, somewhere, sometime.” joke.